As per definations in the Cantoment Rent Restriction Act, 1963 ‘building’ means any building or part of a building, whether residential or not, together with all fittings and fixtures therein, if any, and includes any gardens, grounds, garages and outhouses attached or appurtenant to such building or part, and vacant land, but does not include any place of religious worship;to.
The provisions the of the Cantonments Rent Restriction Act and any rule or order made thereunder shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force, or in any instrument or document.
Every application under the Cantonments Rent Restriction Ac shall be filed with the Controller who shall either hear it himself or assign it to an Additional Controller for hearing and disposal.
The Controller shall, on an application by the tenant or landlord of building, fix fair rent for such building after holding such enquiry as he may think fit. The fair rent shall be fixed after taking into consideration the factors i.e. the rent of the same building or similar accommodation in similar circumstances prevailing in the locality at the time of, and during the period of twelve months prior to the date of, the making of the application. In some cases the rise, if any, in the cost of construction and of the repair and maintenance charges as well as changes in the existing taxes after the commencement of the tenancy; and the rental value of the building as entered in the latest assessment list of the Cantonment Board as proposed under Section 72 of the Cantonments Act, 1924 (II of 1924).
The fair rent fixed shall be payable by the tenant from the date to be fixed by the Controller which shall not be earlier than the date of filing of the application.
Every dispute between a landlord and his tenant relating to the increase of rent shall be decided by the Controller. Provided that the Controller shall in no case allow any increase beyond seven and a half per centum of the cost of the addition, improvement or alteration made in the building or, beyond the amount of the additional tax payable by the landlord, as the case may be.
No landlord shall, without just or sufficient cause cut off or withhold any of the amenities enjoyed by the tenant. A tenant in occupation of a building may, if the landlord has contravened the provisions of this section, make an application to the Controller complaining of such contravention. If the Controller, on inquiry finds that the tenant has been in enjoyment of the amenities and that they were cut off or withheld by the landlord without just or sufficient cause, he shall make an order directing the landlord to restore such amenities, or authorising the tenant to provide the same and to incur such expense thereon as the Controller may specify, and any sum so spent by the tenant shall be adjustable against the rent payable by the tenant in respect of that building.
After the commencement of the Cantonments Rent Restriction Act, no tenant, whether before or after termination of his tenancy, shall be evicted from the building in his possession or occupation in execution of a decree passed after such commencement, except in accordance with the provisions of this section. A landlord who seeks to evict his tenant shall apply to the Controller for an order in that behalf, and the Controller may, after giving the tenant a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the application, make on order directing the tenant to put the landlord in possession, if he is satisfied that the tenant has not paid or tendered the rent to the landlord within fifteen days of the expiry of the time fixed in the agreement of tenancy for payment of rent, or in the absence of such agreement, within sixty days following the period for which the rent is due; or any other order as he deems fit as per law.
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Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Regular Website: https://www.irfanlaw.com
Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad.