Pakistan’s Arbitration Law is governed under the Arbitration Act 1940.

Definitions under the Arbitration Act 1940 are as under :

“arbitration agreement” means a written agreement to submit present or future differences to arbitration, whether an arbitrator is named therein or not;

“award” means an arbitration award;

“Court” means a Civil Court having jurisdiction to decide the question forming the subject-matter of reference if the same had been the subject-matter of a suit, but does not, except for the purpose of proceedings under Section 21, include a Small Cause Court;

“legal representative” means a person who in law represents the estate of a deceased person, and includes any person who intermeddles with the estate of the deceased, and where a party acts in representative character, the person on whom the estate devolves on the death of the party so acting;

reference” means reference to arbitration.


Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.