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Enforcement of Foreign Judgement & Decree in Pakistan

Enforcement Foreign Judgement Decree Pakistan KarachiEnforcement of Foreign Judgement in Pakistan. The Section 44.A. describes the procedure for enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Pakistan, which is reproduced as under :-

(1) Where a certified copy of a decree of any of the superior Courts of the United Kingdom or any reciprocating territory has been filed in a District Court, the decree may be executed in [Pakistan] as if it had been passed by the District Court.

(2) Together with the certified copy of the decree shall be filed a certificate from such superior Court stating the extent, if any, to which the decree has been satisfied or adjusted and such certificate shall, for the purposes of proceedings under this section, be conclusive proof of the extent of such satisfaction or adjustment.

(3) The provisions of section 47 shall as from the filing of the certified copy of the decree apply to the proceedings of a District Court executing a decree under this section, and the District Court shall refuse execution of any such decree, if it is shown to the satisfaction of the Court that the decree falls within any of the exceptions specified in clauses (a) to (f) of section 13.

Explanation 1.-“Superior Court” with’ reference to the United Kingdom, means the High Court in England, the Court of Session in Scotland, the High Court in Northern Ireland, the Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster and the Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Durham.

Explanation 2.-“Reciprocating territory” means 1[the United Kingdom and such other country or territory as] the 3[Central Government) may, from time to time, by notification in the 3[official Gazette], declare [to be reciprocating territory for the purposes of this section; and “superior Courts”, with reference to any such territory, means such Courts as may be specified in the said notification.

Explanation 3.-.”Decree”, with reference to a superior Court, means any decree or judgment of such Court under which a sum of money is payable, not being a sum payable in respect of taxes or other charges of a like nature or in respect of a fine or other penalty, and

(a) With reference to superior Courts in the United Kingdom, includes judgments given and decrees made in any Court in appeals against , such decrees or judgments, but

(b) In no case includes an arbitration award, even if such award is enforceable as a decree or judgment.

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Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Commercial, Intellectual Property and Litigation Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582

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Family Law

Woman right get divorce by way of khula in Karachi Pakistan

We do not run any fund raising program regularly, but  International and Local Donor agencies are always welcome for starting Human Rights and Woman rights Projects with our collaboration. We are not a N.G.O. (Non Government Organization) but we have dealt many divorce and human rights cases for deserving woman in Karachi, Pakistan without Professional Fees.

Q. What grounds are available to a wife to get Divorce according to Laws of Pakistan?
A: As per Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act a woman shall be entitled to obtain a decree for the dissolution of her marriage on any one or more of the following grounds:

Whereabouts of the husband not known for four years; Husband has neglected or failed to provide maintenance; Husband has sentenced to imprisonment for a period of seven years or upwards; Husband failed to perform marital obligations for a period of three years; Husband was impotent at the time of marriage; Husband has been insane for two years; She was married when she was minor; Husband treats with cruelty; Leads an infamous life; Attempts to force her immoral life; Venereal disease; Incurable form of leprosy; Disposes of her property; Obstructs her in observance of her religious practice; If she cannot live with the husband within the limitation imposed by the Almighty Allah.

Beside above, there are also other grounds available to wife for the dissolution of marriages under Muslim Law.

Q. What is the procedure to obtain “Khula” (dissolution of marriage) in Pakistan?
A: If wife is not delegated the right of divorce in her nikanama (marriage contract form) then she would apply for khula in the court. When the wife files a suit for dissolution of marriage the court issues notice to the opposite party i.e. the husband and if he fails to appear after the due process of posting and publication the court can proceed with the case ex-parte and pass a decree. In case where the husband or his representative appear he is required to file a written statement following which the court has to fix a date for pre-trial proceedings for reconciliation. If reconciliation fails court will pass decree for dissolution of marriage.

Q. After obtaining khula decree from the court is dissolution of marriage is complete?
A: No, after obtaining Khula decree from the court you need to file an application before the Chairman Arbitration Council/Union Council of your jurisdiction for obtaining dissolution of marriage certificate.

 

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For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582