Property Law

The ‘Agreement of Sale’ or ‘Sale Agreement’

Top Law Firms in Karachi PakistanWhether you are purchasing a plot for construction of a home or an apartment from a builder, the sale agreement is a document that you will need to scrutinise minutely before signing. Once signed, you will not be able to counter anything that is on it.

Sale AgreementThe sale agreement being a technical document will have a series of terms that you need to understand thoroughly. Sale, for example, is a transaction where money is exchanged, in part or in whole, for the transferring of ownership of a particular piece of property in whole.

There is nothing explicitly mentioned in the law about the sale agreement being a written one. However, it is now common practice and even a practical thing to do so, especially if the document is to hold water in a court of law. An important thing to do is to get the agreement registered, as a non-registered document does not have any legal bearing and any deal made on the basis of it is considered void.


There are several inclusions or what are called clauses in the sale agreement. It will describe the property, include contact details of the seller and the buyer, the negotiated price will be mentioned and also how this payment is being disbursed. The time frame for the payment will be included. There will also be a provision for the payment of stamp duty and for the account of the property title.

The clauses in a sale agreement are important because they outline everything that will go into making this a successful transaction, which is completely legally sound. The contract will tell you if the payment is to be made in cash, in part or an agreement for it to be paid partially in the future has been agreed on.

Some of the clauses will cover municipal taxes that are due by the person buying, as well as maintenance charges and in the case of an apartment being purchased payment towards the building society.

Payment terms: The onus is on both the buyer and seller to come to a mutual agreement on the price of the property and all other expenses that go towards the transfer of property. This has to be included and has to be agreed on by both the buyer and seller.

The time for the disbursement of the payment should also be included right up to the last instalment. The document will need to be scrutinised by lawyers from both sides and then signed by both parties.

Transferring property titleTransferring of property title: For a loan to be sanctioned, the property title is important.

This should be transferred to the buyer when the seller has got in hand the amount agreed on. The transfer is the last step in the whole process of buying the property. The property will have to be registered in the buyer’s name by the seller at the local registrar office.

Stamp duty: These rates are fixed by the relevant authorities and can vary with each State. The onus is on the buyer to ensure that the property has been registered in his name at the rate that the government has sanctioned for the transferring of the property.

Sale deedSale deed: This follows the agreement of sale and is an understanding between the seller and the buyer. Its contents need to be scrutinised by experts multiple times before you actually sign on it.

With the right kind of legal help to support you, there is no reason to fear the complexities of the agreement of sale. It is something that you can easily surmount.

You can Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Telephone: 0321-2057582

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Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad.

Criminal Laws

Law of Bail in Criminal Cases in Pakistan

Law of Bail in Criminal Cases in Pakistan.

496. In what cases bail to be taken. When any person other than a person accused of a non-bailable offence is arrested or detained without warrant by an officer incharge of a police-station or appears or is brought before a Court, and is prepared at any lime while in the custody of such officer or at any stage of the proceedings before such Court to give bail, such person shall be released on bail: Provided that such officer of Court, if he or it thinks fit, may, instead of taking bail from such person, discharge him on his executing a bond without sureties for his appearance as hereinafter provided:
Provided further that nothing in this section shall be deemed to affect the provisions of section 107, subsection (4), or section 117, sub-section (3).
497. When bail may be taken in cases of non-bailable offence. (1) When any person accused of nonbailable offence is arrested or detained without warrant by an officer-in-charge of a police station, or appears or is brought before a Court, he may be released on bail, but he shall not be so released if there appears reasonable grounds for believing that he has been guilty of an offence punishable with death or [imprisonment for life or imprisonment for ten years].Pakistan: Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 Provided that the Court may direct that any person under the age of sixteen years or any woman or any sick or infirm person accused of such an offence be released on bail:
Provided further that a person accused of an offence as aforesaid shall not be released on bail unless the prosecution has been given notice to show cause why he should not be so released.
[Provided further that the Court shall, except where it is of opinion that the delay in the trial of the accused has been occasioned by an act or omission of the accused or any other person acting on his behalf or in exercise of any right or privilege under any law for the time being in force, direct that any person shall be released on bail–
(a) who, being accused of any offence not punishable with death, has been detained for such offence for a continuous period exceeding one year and whose trial for such offence has not concluded; or
(b) who, being accused of an offence punishable with death, has been detained for such offence for a continuous period exceeding two years and whose trial for such offence has not concluded.
Provided further that the provisions of the third proviso to this subsection shall not apply to a previously convicted offender for an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life or to a person who, in the opinion of the Court, is a hardened, desperate or dangerous criminal or involved in terrorism.]
(2) If it appears to such officer or Court at any stage of the investigation, inquiry or trial, as the case may be, that there are no reasonable grounds for believing that the accused has committed a non-bailable offence, but that there are sufficient grounds for further inquiry into his guilt, the accused shall, pending such inquiry, be released on bail, or, at the discretion of such officer or Court, on the execution by him of a bond without sureties for his appearance as hereinafter provided.
(3) Ah officer or a Court releasing any person on bail under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall record in writing his or its reasons for so doing.
(4) If, at any time after the conclusion of the trial of a person accused of a non-bailable offence and before judgment is delivered, the Court Is of opinion that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused is not guilty of any such offence, it shall release the accused, if he is in custody on the execution by him of a bond without sureties for his appearance to hear judgment delivered.
(5) A High Court or Court of Session and, in the case of a person released by itself, any other Court may cause any person who has been released under this section to be arrested and may commit him to custody.
498. Power to direct admission to bail or reduction of bail. The amount of every bond executed under this Chapter shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case, and shall not be excessive; and the High Court or Court of Session may, in any case, whether there be an appeal on conviction or not direct that any person be admitted to bail, or that the bail required by a police-officer or Magistrate be reduced.
[498-A. No bail to be granted to a person not in custody, in Court or against whom no case is registered etc. Nothing in section 497 or section 498 shall be deemed to require or authorise a Court to release on bail, or to direct to be admitted to bail any person who is not in custody or is not present in Court or against whom no case stands registered for the time being and an order for the release of a person on bail, or direction that a person be admitted to bail shall be effective only in respect of the case that so stands registered against him and is specified in the order or direction.]

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