Categories
Litigation

Debt Recovery Law & Lawyers in Pakistan

Recovery of debts and money can be both frustrating and time consuming in Pakistan. The best way to go against the defaulters is to choose the right form of legal action at proper time otherwise you might suffer. We are very successfully providing services for recovery of bad debts and loan by initiating civil and criminal proceeding against defaulters. Our Lawyers in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Hyderabad and Thatta, have extensive legal experience in debt-recovery laws. We aggressively pursue your debts collection process in Pakistan and recover your debt and money in very fast manner.

We provide legal services for those clients who are not afraid to take an aggressive legal approach in the recovery of their debts. If you want more money recovered with a legal, safe and fast manner, contact our law firm. Our practice consists of associates at Karachi. We have extensive experience in distress debt trading industries. Our attorneys regularly appear on behalf of clients in bankruptcy courts in Karachi.

Taking legal action to reclaim debt should be a last resort, and often the threat is enough to make your customers pay you. However, if your usual ways of recovering debt have failed, there are things to consider before beginning the legal process.

Consider some form of alternative dispute resolution, such as mediation or arbitration. Contracts may already specify how disputes should be resolved. Resolution procedures can make it easier to control costs and are often less confrontational than court proceedings.

Mediation is a simple, cheap method of resolving disputes. It can save you time and money and can assist all parties in reaching a mutually beneficial resolution. This can help maintain the business relationship once the dispute is settled.

Even if making a claim seems the only answer, you should consider your chances of winning. In many cases your claim may not be disputed. But in others, it could be difficult to prove the customer is at fault.

Remember that you can’t be certain of receiving the money owed – let alone any costs or expenses – if the person or company you’re taking action against has no assets or a history of bad debt. Credit reference agencies should be able to give you a credit rating for the defendant and details of any unpaid court judgments.

If you win the judgment, the customer is required to pay the sum claimed. If properly claimed, they are required to pay court fees and interest as well. If they do not pay, you must be prepared to take steps to enforce the judgment. For this client have to note that:

  • court fees are payable when you issue a claim and if you have to enforce the judgment
  • fees are payable if you lose or do not succeed in enforcing your judgment
  • you may have solicitor’s costs and other costs – if you win and succeed in enforcing the judgment, you may be able to claim these back from the defendant

You will have to pay court fees in advance. However, they can be recovered from the defendant if you win. If you lose or you do not succeed in enforcing your judgment you will not be able to reclaim those costs.

We advise both local and international companies on a full range of legal issues from non-contentious corporate and commercial matters, including major project work; establishing and conducting business in Karachi Pakistan, joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions, employment matters, distributions and franchise arrangements. For international Clients having legal issues in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Qatar and other Gulf cities and areas prefer to engage us due to cost effectiveness. We charge very reasonable professional Fees for International Arbitration in Dubai, Abdu Dhabi, Qatar and Gulf cities and areas.

Fell Free to Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Telephone: +92 321 2057582

Regular Website:  http://www.irfanlaw.com

 

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Commercial, Intellectual Property, Arbitration and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582


Categories
Employment

The Civil Servants Act, 1973

The Civil Servants Act, 1973 is an Act to regulate the appointment of persons to, and the terms and conditions of service of persons in, the service of Pakistan.

Appointments to an All-Pakistan Service or to a civil service of the Federation or to a civil post in connection with the affairs of the Federation, including any civil post connected with defence, shall be made in the prescribed manner by the President or by a person authorised by the President in that behalf.

An initial appointment to a service or post not being an ad hoc appointment, shall be on probation as may be prescribed. Any appointment of a civil servant by promotion or transfer to a service or post may also be made in probation as may be prescribed.
Where, in respect of any service or post, the satisfactory completion of probation includes the passing of a prescribed examination, test or course or successful completion of any training, a person appointed on probation to such service or post who, before the expiry of the original or extended period of his probation has failed to pass such examination or test or to successfully complete course or the training shall, except as may be prescribed otherwise,–
(a) if he was appointed to such service or post by initial recruitment, be discharged ; or
(b) if he was appointed to such service or post by promotion or transfer, be reverted to the service or post from which he was promoted or transferred and against which he holds a lien or, if there be no such service or post, be discharged

A person appointed on probation shall, on satisfactory completion of his probation, be eligible for confirmation in a service or, as the case may be, a post as may be prescribed.

A civil servant promoted to a post on regular basis shall be eligible for confirmation after rendering satisfactory service for the period prescribed for confirmation therein.
For proper administration of a service, cadre or [post] the appointing authority shall cause a seniority list of the members for the time being of such service, cadre or [post] to be prepared, but nothing herein contained shall be construed to confer any vested right to a particular seniority in such service, cadre or [post], as the case may be.
The seniority of a civil servant shall be reckoned in relation to other civil servants belonging to the same [service or cadre] whether serving in the same department or office or not, as may be prescribed. Seniority on initial appointment to a service, cadre or post shall be determined as may be prescribed. Seniority in [a post, service or cadre] to which a civil servant is promoted shall take effect from the date of regular appointment to that post:
Provided that civil servants who are selected for promotion to a higher [post] in one batch shall, on their promotion to the higher [post]. retain their inter se seniority as in the lower [post].

A civil servant possessing such minimum qualifications as may be prescribed shall be eligible for promotion to a [higher] post for the time being reserved under the rules for departmental promotion in the service or cadre to which he belongs.
(2) A post referred to in sub-section (1) may either be a selection post or a non selection post to which promotions shall be made as may be prescribed-
(i) in the case of a selection post, on the basis of selection on merit; and
(ii) in the case of a non-selection post, on the basis of seniority-cum-fitness.

Every civil servant is to be liable to serve any where within or outside Pakistan, in any post under the Federal Government, or any Provincial Government or local authority, or a corporation or body set up or established by any such Government. Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to a civil servant recruited specifically to serve in a particular area or region :

The service of a civil servant may be terminated without notice-
(i) during the initial or extended period of his probation :
Provided that, where such civil servant is appointed by promotion on probation or, as the case may be, is transferred from one [service], cadre or post to another [service] cadre or post, his service shall not be so terminated so long as he holds a lien against his former post in such [service] cadre or post but he shall be reverted to his former [service], cadre or post as the case may be;
(ii) on the expiry of the initial or extended period of his employment; or
(iii) if the appointment is made ad hoc terminable on the appointment of a person on the recommendation of the selection authority, on the appointment of such person.
(2) Where, on the abolition of a post or reduction in the number of posts in a cadre or [service] the services of a civil servant are required to be terminated, the person whose services are terminated shall ordinarily he the one who is the most junior in such cadre or service.
(3) notwithstanding the provisions of sub-section (1), but subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), the service of a civil servant in temporary employment or appointed ad hoc shall be liable to termination on fourteen days” notice or pay in lieu thereof.
 

A civil servant shall retire from service on the completion of the sixtieth year of his age.

A retired civil servant shall not be re-employed under the Federal Government, unless such re-employment is necessary in the public interest and is made with the prior approval of the authority next above the appointing authority :
Provided that, where the appointing authority is the President, such re-employment may be ordered with the approval of the President.
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Ex-Government Servants (Employment with Foreign Governments) (Prohibition) Act, 1966 (XII of 1966), a civil servant may, during leave preparatory to retirement, or after retirement from Government service, seek any private employment:
Provided that, where employment is sought by a civil servant while on leave preparatory to retirement or within two years of the date of his retirement, he shall obtain the prior approval of the prescribed authority.

Where a right to prefer an appeal or apply for review in respect of any order relating to the terms and conditions of his service is provided to a civil servant under any rules applicable to him.such appeal or application shall, except as may be otherwise prescribed be made within thirty days of the date of such order.
(2) Where no provision for appeal or review exists under the rules in respect of any order or class of orders, a civil servant aggrieved by any such order -nay. within thirty days of the communication to him of such order, make a representation against it to the authority next above the authority which made the order:
Provided that no representation shall lie on matters relating to the determination of fitness of a person to hold a particular post or to be promoted to a higher post or grade.

 

Fell Free to Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Karachi Office

Office # E-26, Executive Floor,
Glass Tower,
Khayaban-e-Iqbal (Clifton Road),
Teen Talwar, Clifton,
Karachi, Sindh,
Pakistan.

Telephone No.  +92-21-35642634
Mobile Phone No. +92-321-2057582
Mobile Phone No. +92-300-8233580

Email: info@irfanlaw.com
Website: https://www.irfanlaw.com

Law Firm based in Karachi and Islamabad having well experienced Advocates and Lawyers in the fields of Civil Service and Employment Law.
E-26, Executive Floor, Glass Tower, Clifton,
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: 03212057582

Categories
Definitions

Pakistan

Top Law Firms in Karachi PakistanLaw Firm Founded in 2003, and located in Clifton, Karachi, Irfan Mir Halepota & Associates provides the full range of Complete Legal Services including Corporate Law Services, thus offering a complete relocation package for both individuals and businesses. With a range of qualified speakers of English, French, Sindhi, Urdu as well as other languages at our disposal, we are able to provide timely and accurate guidance to all clients, irrespective of nationality.

We are experienced not only in all types of Trademark, Patent, copyright, Banking, Civil and Corporate Litigation matters, but  able to assist with the complete process of establishing a business or commercial presence in the Karachi, Pakistan, and can assist in relation to all relevant property, tax, company formation and banking procedures.

We also have the capability to undertake Trademark & Patent searches, and carry out enquiries relating to prospective commercial partners in Pakistan, in order to reduce the risk of entering into unsuitable alliances or partnerships.

We aim to provide cost-effective approaches to the needs of individuals, and their families, as well as to businesses and commercial concerns, providing the platform for successful economic activity in Karachi, Pakistani for foreign investors and their associated business ventures.

Categories
Family Law

Frequently Asked Questions About Court Marriage Karachi Pakistan

 

Question: What is the procedure for Solemnization of marriage / Registration of marriage ?
Answer:  According to Pakistan family laws, the minimum age for getting married is 18 years for both groom and the bride. Prior to the date of marriage/Nikah. You have to have any valid proof of your age and submit its photocopies alongwith other necessary requisites of the office [which primarily varies from case to case – but may include, age proof of each of the parties, their photographs etc.] along with the necessary fees and charges.

Question:  How much time is required for a court marriage in Pakistan and what are the religious ways available to do the marriage in court?

Answer:  
If you have an appointment with us then it would hardly take 2 to 3 hours in maximum.

And there are many ways to get married you just need the right information, A marriage can be done by

Muslim religious way

Christine religious way

or any other religious way

and then it can be registered .Please contact us as soon as you can to get complete details and solutions
What happen if some question or problem arise after the completion of marriage, relating to our marriage by parents or someone else ?

Answer:  The cost you will pay us will includes consultation services, if some problem or question arise related to your marriage after completion. you will get free legal advice and help from us. We are the only law firm who provide this type of service. We are also the only law firm who ensures that before getting marrage we inform our clients about every thing and If any problem may come related to your marriage after we will help you for free.  So you will be ready and informed in advance if any bad situation may arise. We are not saying that you get married right now but, its really good if you get your documents ready as soon as possible, once you get your document completed you can get married any time you want.
Question:  I don’t know anything about court marriage, what is the best way to start court marriage process?
Answer:  Court marriage is a process that is both easy and complicated depend on your situation, that’s why we have a specialized team of lawyers and court marriage consultants for your every need. There are many people on internet who try to confuse you strange by rumors but let me say that a court marriage is a Simple process all you need is professional help from the best in this field. So, contact us as soon as you decide to get married in the court, there are different type of documentation required according to situation. so contact us today and get your marriage process run smoothly.

 

Question:  Can i do it myself, why do i need lawyer and professional help?

Answer:  This is Pakistan and court marriage is one of the most complicated issues and don’t forget about the money minded people of the legal system of this country, some bad reputed lawyers, lower category staff dealing with law & its enforcement. There are thousand ways that people can create a issue just to get some more money out of you. When you have  professional lawyers with you then they know all the laws and can help you with almost every situation. In addition to its best to have some one knowledgeable with you when your are making the most important decision of you life.

 

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582


Categories
Corporate Law Pakistan Business Setup Pakistan Company Registration

PROCEDURE REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN COMPANY PAKISTAN

PROCEDURE REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN COMPANY PAKISTAN

Registration of a Foreign Company comprises of following two steps:

1. Seek Availability of Company Name

2. Documentation

Step 1. Seek Availability of Company Name:

The first step in the process of registration of a Foreign Company is to seek availability of name of the proposed company from the registrar. The name of  the proposed company should not be:

• Inappropriate

• Deceptive.

• Designed to exploit or offend the religious susceptibilities of the people.

• Identical or having close resemblance with already existing company.

• Suggesting connection with any Government or its organization or any international organization.

Fees for seeking availability of company name through online.

 

Step 2. Documentation

Foreign Company RegistrationAfter seeking company name availability, next step is documentation. A foreign company is required to file the following documents, under the provisions of the Ordinance, within thirty days of establishing a place of business in Pakistan, to the registrar concerned:

I. Forms (38-43) as prescribed under the Rules

• Form 38: Certified copy of the charter, statute or Memorandum and Articles of the company.

• Form 39: Address of registered office or principal office of the company.

• Form 40: Particulars of directors, Chief Executive and Secretary, if any, of the company.

• Form 41: Particulars of principal officer of the company in Pakistan.

• Form 42: Particulars of person(s) resident in Pakistan authorized

to accept service on behalf of the foreign company alongwith the certified copy of the appointment order, authority letter of board of

directors’ resolution and consent of the principle officer.

• Form 43: Address of principal place(s) of business in Pakistan of the foreign company.

II. Authority letter in the name of authorized representative of the foreign company.

III. Fee Challan

1.4 What type of certification is required for the documents constituting or defining the constitution of a foreign company?

A copy of the charter, statute, memorandum and articles of association, or other instrument, constituting or defining the constitution of a foreign company is  required to be duly certified by:-

(a) the public officer in the country where the company is incorporated in whose custody the original is committed; or

(b) a notary public of the country where the company is incorporated; or

(c) an affidavit of a responsible officer of the company in the country where the company is incorporated.

In first two situations, at (a) and (b), certification is required to be authenticated by a Pakistan diplomatic consular or consulate officer, while in third situation at (c) above, affidavit shall be signed before a Pakistan diplomatic consular or  consulate officer. [Rule 22 of Companies (General Provisions and Forms) Rules,

1985]

1.5 What are the requirements, if charter, statute, memorandum and articles of association, or other instrument, constituting or defining the constitution of a foreign company, is in language other than English?

If the document constituting or defining the constitution of a foreign company, charter, statute or memorandum and articles of association is not in English or Urdu, duly certified translation in English or Urdu language is required to be provided. Translation of document constituting charter in English or Urdu, is required to be certified to be correct translation of the original. [Rule 23 of

Companies (General Provisions and Forms) Rules, 1985]

Where translation is made outside Pakistan, it shall be authenticated by the signature and seal of:

• the public officer in the country where the company is incorporated; or

• a notary public of the country where the company is incorporated.

Signature and seal of the person so certifying shall be authenticated by a Pakistan diplomatic consular or consulate officer.

Where translation is made within Pakistan, it shall be authenticated by an affidavit of any person having in the opinion of the registrar, an adequate knowledge of the language of the original and of English or Urdu, as the case may be.

1.6 Is a foreign company required to obtain any other permission from any  other organization for opening and maintaining of its branch/ liaison office in Pakistan?

A foreign company is required to obtain a permission letter from the Board of Investment with a specific validity period for opening and maintaining of its branch/liaison office in Pakistan. Copy of such permission letter is required to be furnished with the documents meant for registration.  Renewal/ extension of the permission to open/maintain a branch/liaison office is also required to be obtained from the Board of Investment on the expiry of the validity period of the permission originally granted. Whenever such renewal/extension is granted, a copy must be furnished to the registrar concerned.

You can Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Telephone: 0321-2057582

Regular Website:  https://www.irfanlaw.com

Law Firm based in Karachi and Islamabad having well experienced Advocates and Lawyers in the fields of Company & Corporate Law.
E-26, Executive Floor, Glass Tower, Clifton,
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: 03212057582

Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad. The Registry of the Supreme Court is also at Karachi.


Categories
Court Marriage Family Law

Court Marriage Procedure

Procedure of court marriage is: Girl having age more than 18 years can contract marriage in the court with her own freewill and wish without the will of her parents. Law gives her right.

For court marriage in Karachi, Pakistan only CNIC or any other document i.e. Passport etc is sufficient as proof of girl’s / her age.

The girl has to personally appear in the court who will execute the freewill, which will be attested by the person who is empowered as Magistrate by the Government and on the basis of her freewill her marriage (Nikah) will be performed, the boy and girl have to bring their CNIC or any other documents as proof of age and 6 passport size photographs of each. In other words it can be said Court Marriage in Karachi is very easy.

People of different ages contact us for the purpose of court marriage. Majority of people are young and teenage girls and boy. Elder age mature Man and Woman also contact us for court marriage. Some times Elder age mature man and woman want to keep their marriage secret due to personal reasons. It is our policy not to disclose their contract of marriage with any third party without consent and permission of parties of marriage.

For marriage performance at least two witnesses are required, they must be have their CNIC. The Lawyers at our Law Firm assist the individuals to reach City Court Karachi befofre the concerned authorities and also assist clients for preparation of proper Marriage Documents including Affidavit of Freewill.

 

Fell Free to Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Telephone: 0321-2057582

Regular Website:  http://www.irfanlaw.com

 

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582

Court Marriage Lawyer in Karachi, Court Marriage Law Firm in City Court Karachi, Court Marriage Procedure in Pakistan, Advocates dealing with Court Marriage in Karachi, Pakistan.

 

Very soon we are opening our branch office in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, if you are any suggestion for location,  we will be thankful for any helpful comments.

Categories
Property Law

Eviction of Tenants in Clifton Cantonment Karachi

Eviction of Tenants in Clifton Cantonment Karachi. The Properties Situated in Defence Housing Authority (generally reffered as DHA / D.H.A.)  comes within the Limits of Clifton Cantonment Board Karachi.

A landlord who seeks to evict his tenant shall apply to the Controller for an order in that behalf, and the Controller may, after giving the tenant a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the application, make an order directing the tenant to put the landlord in possession, if he is satisfied that:

o          the tenant has not paid or tendered the rent to the landlord within fifteen days of the expiry of the time fixed in the agreement of tenancy for payment of rent, or in the absence of such agreement, within sixty days following the period for which the rent in due; or

o          the tenant has, without the written consent of the landlord,

o           transferred his right under the lease or sublet the building or any portion thereof, or

o           used the building for a purpose other than that for which it was leased; or

o          The tenant has committed such acts as are likely to materially impair the value, look or utility of the building; or

o          The acts and conduct of the tenant have been a nuisance to the occupiers of buildings in the neighbourhood; or

o          Where the building is situated in a place other than a hill station, the tenant has ceased to occupy the building for a continuous period of four months without reasonable cause; or

o          The landlord intends to demolish the building for constructing a new building on the same site and as already obtained the necessary sanction for such construction from the Cantonment Board:

The Controller may give the tenant a reasonable time for putting the landlord in possession of the building, and may extend such time so as not to exceed three months in the aggregate.

A landlord may also apply to the Controller for an eviction order of a tenant if he requires the premises in good faith for his own occupation or for his family members.

Where the tenancy is for a specified period agreed between the landlord and the tenant, the landlord shall not be entitled to apply before the expiry of such period for eviction of tenant to the Controller on the above grounds.

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582


Categories
Family Law

Family Law Firm Lawyer Specialized in Court Marriage in Karachi

The Law Firm practicing in the areas concerning family law especially Youth in the families. The Constitution of Pakistan has given Right of Liberty to marry with any one. We being an advocate support the youth so that their desires should be fulfilled through Court Marriage.

Some other reasons are also responsible for rise of court marriage for example the late marriages, rise in education level and increased contact among the members of opposite sex etc. Although the rise in education level has changed the way of living of people but still Pakistani society is conservative on this particular issue of court marriage. People think girl child as a property of there family rather than a living person. The work not stop at solemnization of court marriage, its more important that the couple performing court marriage should be protected also, so that they can enjoy there right of court marriage conferred to them by the Constitution of Pakistan. Due to rise in court marriage trends the incidents of honour killing are also increasing so its utmost important that life and liberty of the court marriage couple should be protected by state. So at last not least grown ups having age of marriage can fulfill their wish of marriage with their free will through court marriage by adopting the legal procedure. We do not charge any hidden charges or costs for our services.

People of different ages contact us for the purpose of court marriage. Majority of people are young and teenage girls and boy. Elder age mature Man and Woman also contact us for court marriage. Some times Elder age mature man and woman want to keep their marriage secret due to personal reasons. It is our policy not to disclose their contract of marriage with any third party without consent and permission of parties of marriage.

Very soon we are opening our branch office in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, if you are any suggestion for location,  we will be thankful for any helpful comment.

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582


Categories
Human Rights

International NGOs to continue functioning in Pakistan for six months

International NGOs to continue functioning in Pakistan for six months

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on 16th June 2015 that all international non-government organizations (INGOs) in the country would be allowed to function for a period of six months within specified areas of operation decided by concerned authorities.

While chairing the high-level meeting at the PM House to discuss matter related to INGOs present in the country. The Prime Minister announced the decision. Further, it was decided in the meeting that all INGOs were required to complete the process of fresh registration with the government within three months.

Few days ago Interior Minister Nisar Ali Khan said that all international NGOs will have to respect Pakistani laws. He further said that “We have proof that some NGOs were working on foreign agendas against Pakistan’s national interest for the past few years. There were several intelligence reports”.

It is also decided now that no non-governmental organisation (NGO) working against the country’s national interest would be allowed to continue working in Pakistan. The Government of Pakistan just want to regulate the system. Do not want to shut down NGOs that follow Pakistani laws.

Before that the authorities sealed off the offices of Save the Children, saying the charity was “working against the country”. Officials said the government ordered the NGO’s expatriate staff to be sent back to their countries within 15 days.

Interior Minister Nisar Ali Khan said several NGOs were only registered for Islamabad. Some NGOs based in Islamabad started operating in Balochistan and FATA without permission and spreading false news. Several are operating without even being registered.

Interior Minister Nisar Ali Khan also said that no compromise would be made on national interest, and that no pressure would be accepted in this regard. He said that the government would soon bring forward a policy to bring NGOs under a defined scope and charter.

The Inter-Ministerial Committee, headed by Tariq Fatemi, would provide the guidelines including rules, processes and draft legislation for streamlining the work of the INGOs in Pakistan in the future.