Categories
Property Law

Property Law in Karachi Pakistan

Top Law Firms in Karachi PakistanOur Law Firm provide the property legal services to valued clients from the purchase of the property to disposal of the property. This law

01. Sale Deed Conveyance Deed in Karachi Pakistan

02. All kinds of property Deeds in Karachi Pakistan

03. Surrender Transfer and Relinquishment Deed in Karachi Pakistan

04. Mutation of the Property in Karachi Pakistan

05. Lease and sub-Lease of the property in Karachi Pakistan

06. Inheritance transfer and share division of the property in Karachi Pakistan

07. Succession and Letter of Administration in Karachi Pakistan

08. Possession and Declaration of the Title of the Property in Karachi Pakistan

09. Injunction of the suit in Karachi Pakistan

10. Property Documentation in Karachi Pakistan

11. Sale and Purchase of the Property agreements/Deeds in Karachi Pakistan

12. Registration of the Deed before sub-Registrar in Karachi Pakistan

13. Illegal Dispossession in Karachi Pakistan

14. Tenancy Agreement in Karachi Pakistan

15. Housing society Transfer mutations in Karachi Pakistan

16. Property Tax in Karachi Pakistan

Our Office is based in Clifton, easily reachable from all parts of Karachi, including Defence and other Areas.

Recently the largest property deals are being made in Bahria Town Projects in Karachi Pakistan.

If you require more information, Feel Free to Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Telephone: 0321-2057582

Regular Website:  http://www.irfanlaw.com

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Law Firm based in Karachi having well experienced Advocates and Lawyers in the fields of Real Estate and Property Law.
E-26, Executive Floor, Glass Tower, Clifton,
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: 03212057582

Sale Deed Conveyance Deed,  All kinds of property Deeds, Surrender Transfer and Relinquishment Deed, Mutation of the Property in Karachi Pakistan, Lease and sub-Lease of the property, Inheritance transfer and share division of the property,  Succession and Letter of Administration, Possession and Declaration of the Title of the Property, Injunction of the suit  Pakistan, Property Documentation in Karachi, Sale and Purchase of the Property agreements/Deeds, Registration of the Deed before sub-Registrar, Illegal Dispossession, Tenancy Agreement Housing society Transfer mutations in Karachi Pakistan Property Tax

Categories
Property Law

SIND RENTAL PREMISES ORDINANCE, 1979

Section 4 of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with the  Controllers. (1) Government may appoint one or more Controllers in any district and if more than one Controller is appointed in the same district Government shall define the local limits within which each of such Controllers shall exercise jurisdiction;

Provided that the Controllers working immediately before coming into force of this Ordinance shall continue to exercise their respective territorial jurisdiction until it has been altered, by Government.
(2) No person shall be appointed as a Controller unless he has worked or, has been working, as a Civil Judge or First Class Magistrate, for not less than three years.
(3) Government may authorize the District Judge or Deputy Commissioner, to transfer cases from one Controller to another within the District.
Section 5 of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with theAgreement between landlord and tenant. (1) The agreement by which a landlord lets out any premises to a tenant shall be in writing and if such agreement is not compulsorily registrable under any law for the time being in force, it shall be attested by, signed by, and sealed with the seal of, the Controller within whose jurisdiction the premises is situate or, any Civil Judge or First Class Magistrate.
(2) Where any agreement by which a landlord lets out any premises to a tenant is compulsorily registrable under any law for the time being in force, a certified copy of the registered deed and where the agreement is not so registrable, the original deed duly attested under subsection (1), shall be produced and accepted in proof of the relationship of the landlord and tenant;
Provided that nothing in this section shall affect any agreement between the landlord and tenant immediately before coming into force of this Ordinance.

Section 8. of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with theFair rent. (1) The Controller shall, on application by the tenant or landlord determine fair rent of the premises after taking into consideration the following factors: —-
(a) the rent of similar premises situated in the similar circumstances, in the same or adjoining locality.
(b) the rise in cost of construction and repair charges.
(c) the imposition of new taxes, if any, after commencement of the tenancy; and
(d) the annual value of the premises, if any, on which property tax is levied.
(2) Where any addition to or, improvement in, any premises has been made or any tax, or other public charge has been levied, enhanced, reduced or withdraw in respect thereof, or any fixtures such as lifts or electric or other fittings have been provided thereon subsequent to the determination of the fair rent of such premises, the fair rent shall, notwithstanding the pro¬visions of section 9 be determined or, as the case may be, revised after taking such changes into consideration.

Section 11 of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with the Discontinuance of amenities and services. (1) No landlord shall dis¬continue or cause to be discontinued any service such as electricity, gas or water, except with the previous consent of the tenant or in compliance with the requisition of the concerned authority or after obtaining the direction of the Controller in this behalf.
(2) Where the landlord has discontinued or caused, to be discontinued any service in contravention of subsection (1), the tenant may make an appli¬cation to the Controller for restoration thereof.
(3) Where the Controller is, after making such inquiry as he deems fit, satisfied that the service has been discontinued without sufficient cause, he shall make an order directing the landlord to have the service restored within such period as may be specified in the order.
(4) Where the landlord has failed to comply with the order of the Con¬troller made under subsection (3), the Controller may take necessary steps to get the service restored and recover the costs of such restoration from the landlord.
(5) Where the landlord has contravened the provisions of subsection (1), he shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months or with fine or with both.

Section 13  of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with the Eviction. No tenant shall be evicted from the premises in his posses¬sion except in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance.

Section 14 of the Sindh Rented Premises Ordinance details with the Delivery of vacant possession. (1) Notwithstanding anything con¬tained in this Ordinance or any other law for the being in force, the landlord of a building who is a widow, or a minor whose both parents are dead or a salaried employee due to retire within the next six months or has retired or a person who is due to attain the age of sixty years within the next six months or has attained the age of sixty years, may, by notice in writing, inform the tenant that be or she need, the building for personal use and require him to deliver vacant possession of the building within such time as may be specified in the notice, not being earlier than two months from the receipt thereof;
Provided that nothing in this subsection shall apply where more than six months have elapsed since the landlord has retired or attained the age of sixty years or, as the case may be, has become widow or orphan.
(2) Delivery of vacant possession. The landlord shall not be entitled to avail the benefit of subsection (1) if he is in occupation of a building owned by him in any locality.
(3) Where the tenant has failed to deliver the possession of the building under . subsection (1), the Controller shall, on application by the landlord in this behalf, order eviction of the tenant from the building in a summary manner, by using such force as may be necessary.
(4) Where the landlord, who has obtained the possession of the building under this section, relates the building to any person other than the previous tenant or puts it to a use other than personal use within one year of such possession, he shall be punishable with fine which shall not exceed one year’s rent of the building payable immediately before the possession was so obtained.

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Feel Free to  Contact Us for detailed consultation.

Telephone: 0321-2057582

Regular Website:  http://www.irfanlaw.com

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

For rapid response you can also submit your Query at WhatsApp on +92 321 205 7582 For a Legal Advice
 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Civil Litigation, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Real Estate and Family Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582

Categories
Criminal Laws

Cyber Crime Laws Pakistan

Cyber Crime Laws PakistanThe Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2015 is promulgated in Pakistan. Under the prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, following are the crimes punishable under law:-

 

Unauthorized access to information system or data – If any body with malicious intent gains unauthorized access to any information system or data shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine which may extend to one hundred thousand rupees or with both.

Unauthorized copying or transmission of data – If any person with malicious intent and without authorization copies or otherwise transmits or causes to be transmitted, any data whether by gaining access to such data or otherwise, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one hundred thousand rupess or with both.

Unauthorized access to critical infrastructure information system or data – Whoever with malicious intent gains unauthorized access to any critical infrastructure information system or data shall be punished with imprisonment upto three years or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or with both.

Criminal Interference with information system or data– Whoever with malicious intent and without authorization interferes with or damages or causes to be interfered with or damaged any information system or any part thereof, or data or any part thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees or with both. Explanation: Interference refers to doing of any unauthorized act in relation to an information system or data that may disturb normal working of such information system with or without causing any actual damage to such information system.

Criminal Interference with critical infrastructure information system or data– Whoever with malicious intent and without authorization interferes with or damages, or causes to be inferred with or damaged, any critical information system or any part thereof, or critical infrastructure data or any part thereof, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to seven years or with fine which may extend to five million rupees or with both.

Cyber terrorism –Whoever commits or threatens to commit any of the offences under sections 5 and 7 where- (a) the use or threat is designed to coerce, intimidate, overawe or create a sense of fear, panic or insecurity in the Government or the public or a section of the public or community or sect or create a sense of fear or insecurity in society; or (b) the use or threat is made for the purpose or motive of advancing a religious, ethnic or sectarian cause; shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to fourteen years or with fine which may extend to fifty million rupees or with both.

Electronic forgery.- (1) Whoever, for wrongful gain, interferes with any information system, device or data, with intent to cause damage or injury to the public or to any person, or to make any illegal claim or title or to cause any person to part with property or to enter into any express or implied contract, or with intent to commit fraud by any input, alteration, deletion, or suppression of data, resulting in unauthentic data with the intent that it be considered or acted upon for legal purposes as if it were authentic, regardless of the fact that the data is directly readable and intelligible or not shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to two hundred and fifty thousand rupees or with both. (2) Whoever commits offence under sub-section (1) in relation to a critical infrastructure information system or data shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years or with fine which may extend to five million rupees or with both.

Electronic fraud– Whoever for wrongful gain interferes with or uses any information system, device or data or induces any person to enter into a relationship or with intent to deceive any person, which act or omission is likely to cause damage or harm to that person or any other person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extent to two years or with fine which may extend to ten million rupess, or with both.

Making, supplying or obtaining devices for use in offence – Whoever produces, makes, generates, adapts, exports, supplies, offers to supply or imports for use any information system, data or device intending it primarily to be used or believing that it is primarily to be used to commit or to assist in the commission of an offence under this Act shall, without prejudice to any other liability that he may incur in this behalf, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 6 months or with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees or with both.

Identity crime – (1) Whoever obtains, sells, possesses or transmits another person’s identity information, without lawful justification shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees, or with both. (2) Any person whose identity information is obtained, sold, possessed or retains may apply to the Court competent to try offence under sub-section (1) for passing of such others as the Court may deem fit in the circumstances for securing, destruction or preventing transmission of any such data.

Unauthroized issuance of SIM cards etc – Whoever sells or otherwise provide subscriber identity module (SIM) card, re-usable identification module (R-IUM) or other portable memory chip designed to be used in cellular mobile or wireless phone for transmitting and receiving of intelligence without obtaining and verification of the subscriber’s antecedents in the mode and manner approved by the Authority shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees or both.

Tempering etc. of communication equipment – Whoever changes, alters, tampers with or re-programs unique device identifier or international mobile station equipment identity (IMEI) number of any stolen cellular or wireless handset and unlawfully or without authorization starts using or marketing it for transmitting and receiving intelligence through such mobile or wireless handsets shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine which may extend to 1 million rupees or both.

Unauthorized interception– Whoever intentionally commits unauthorized interception by technical means of- (a) any transmission that is not intended to be and is not open to the public, from or within an information system; or (b) electromagnetic emissions from an information system that are carrying data, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees or with both:

Offence against dignity of natural person– (1) Whoever, with malicious intent, knowingly and publicly exhibits, displays, transmits any electronic communication that harms the reputation of a natural person, threatens any sexual acts against a natural person; superimposes a photograph of the face of a natural person over any sexually explicit images; distorts the face of a natural person; or includes a photograph or a video of a natural person in sexually explicit conduct, without the express or implied consent of the person in question, intending that such electronic communication cause that person injury or threatens injury to his or her reputation, his or her existing state of privacy or puts him or her in fear for him or her safety shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or with both. (2) Whoever commits an offence under sub-section (1) with respect to a minor, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine which may extend to ten million rupees or with both. (3) Any aggrieved person or his guardian where such person is a minor, may apply to the court for passing of such orders for removal, destruction or blocking access to such material referred in sub-section (1) and the Court on receipt of such application may pass such orders as deemed proper in the circumstances.

Malicious code – Whoever wilfully writes, offers, makes available, distributes or transmits malicious code through an information system or device, with intent to cause harm to any information system or data resulting in the corruption, destruction, alteration, suppression, theft or loss of information system or data shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or both: Provided that the provision of this section shall not apply to the authorized testing, research and development or protection of any code for any lawful purpose: Explanation.- For the purpose of this section the expression “malicious code” includes a computer program or a hidden function in a program that damages any information system or data or compromises the performance of the information system or availability of data or uses the information system resources without proper authroization.

Cyber stalking – (1) Whoever with intent to coerce, intimidate, or harass any person uses information system, information system network, internet, website, electronic mail or any other similar means of communication to,- (a) communicate obscene, vulgar, contemptuous, or indecent intelligence; (b) make any suggestion or proposal of an obscene nature; (c) threaten any illegal or immoral act; (d) take or distribute pictures or photographs of any person without his consent or knowledge; (e) display or distribute information in a manner that substantially increases the risk of harm or violence to any other person commits the offence of cyber stalking. (2) Whoever commits the offence specified in sub-section (1) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to one million rupees, or with both: Provided that if the victim of the cyber stalking under sub-section (1) is a minor the punishment may extend to three years or with fine may extend to ten million rupees, or with both. (3) Any person may apply to the court for issuance of a restraining order against an accused of cyber stalking and the court upon receipt of such application may pass such order as deemed appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

Spamming – (1) Whoever transmits harmful, fraudulent, misleading, illegal or unsolicited intelligence to any person without the express permission of the recipient, or causes any information system to show any such intelligence commits the offence of spamming. (2) Whoever commits the offence of spamming as described in sub-section (1) shall be punished with fine not exceeding fifty thousand rupees if he commits this offence of spamming for the first time and for every subsequent commission of offence of spamming he shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or with both.

Spoofing – (1) Whoever dishonestly, establishes a website or sends any intelligence with a counterfeit source intended to be believed by the recipient or visitor of the website, to be an authentic source commits spoofing. (2) Whoever commits spoofing shall be punished with imprisonment for a tem which may extend to three years, or with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees or with both.

Legal recognition of offences committed in relation to information systems – (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, an offence under this Act or any other law shall not be denied legal recognition and enforcement for the sole reason of such offence being committed in relation to, or through the use of, an information system. (2) References to “property” in any law creating an offence in relation to or concerning property, shall include information systems and data. (3) References in any law creating an offence to an act shall include actions taken or caused by use of an information system. (4) References to an act by a person in this Act or any law establishing an offence shall include acts done or to be done by or through automated mechanisms and self executing, adaptive or autonomous devices, programs or information systems.

Irfan Mir Halepota, Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Submit Your Query For a Legal Advice

 
Law Firm in Pakistan dealing with Cyber Laws of Pakistan.
E-26, Glass Tower, Clifton
Karachi, Sindh
PK
Phone: +92 321 205 7582